As a product of the deep integration of information technology and industry, industrial Internet is an important infrastructure for the digitalization, networking and intelligent development of industry. It is the key support for the interconnection of all elements, all industry chains and all value chains in the field of production and manufacturing. It is also the core carrier for the development of Internet from consumption to production and from virtual economy to real economy. It has become an important field in which major countries in the world compete for the commanding heights of future industrial development.
Global ecosystems are emerging
Yu Xiaohui said that in recent years, with the rapid development of the international industrial Internet, the global ecosystem pattern is taking shape. First of all, the industry has a top-level design, and the system architecture is constantly standardized. With the establishment of the International Industrial Internet Alliance, the overall architecture of the industrial Internet was designed, including security architecture, connection architecture, data architecture and other fields, and the direction of standardization and technology was defined.
Secondly, the global industrial Internet ecosystem has accelerated to form, involving industrial systems, information and communication industries and other fields. In the process of development, enterprises, experts, scholars and organizations in different fields cooperate across borders to jointly promote and solve problems in the process of development.
Thirdly, the application highlights are frequent, involving digital workshops and intelligent chemical plants at the production level. The core is the innovation of production mode, the expansion of value chain, ecological operation and other fields. The core is to create new value, emerge many forms such as service-oriented manufacturing, personalized customization, industrial Internet platform and so on. At the same time, the development characteristics of each country are different in application practice. For example, the United States focuses on product innovation and business model innovation, while Germany focuses on production links, focusing on productivity improvement and coordination between production and environment.
Finally, Yu Xiaohui emphasized the security of industrial Internet in particular: "Connecting all closed industrial systems and expanding commercial value means that risks and security challenges have increased, and security issues need to be further explored in the design of security systems."
Significant progress has been made in China's industrial interconnection
For the progress of China's industrial interconnection, Yu Xiaohui believes that the gap between China and the international start time is not big, and faces rare opportunities for development, and the progress is very fast. "Industrial Internet, network is the foundation, platform is the core, security is the guarantee." Yu Xiaohui said that in terms of top-level design, China not only participates in international organizations, but also designs a system of its own. For example, he cited reports such as Industrial Internet Architecture (Version 1.0), Industrial Internet Standard Architecture (Version 1.0), Industrial Internet Platform White Paper (Version 1.0), Industrial Internet Reference Architecture (Version 2.0) and Industrial Internet Vertical Industry Implementation Architecture (Version 1.0), which were developed by China Industrial Internet Industry Alliance. With the gradual improvement of these technical reports and specifications, the top-level design and standard system framework of China's industrial Internet will also be constructed.
In terms of ecology, China's Industrial Internet Industry Alliance has gathered 426 formal member units, and established Shanghai Branch Alliance and Guangzhou Branch Alliance, bringing together China's industrial enterprises, information and communication enterprises, security enterprises, investment and financing institutions, universities and research institutions, and associations of all kinds. He emphasized that our country has very special features in ecology, for example, the mutual acceptance between our industrial enterprises and Internet enterprises is higher.
In terms of application, Yu Xiaohui said that at present, China's industrial Internet has formed "three paths": one is to enhance productivity within enterprises, that is, to build intelligent factories, to connect equipment, production lines, production and operation systems, to obtain data, to achieve quality improvement and efficiency enhancement, to optimize decision-making, and to build data-driven intelligent production capacity; the other is to extend the value chain outside enterprises; To create collaboration among intelligent products, services and networking, to open up the internal and external value chains of enterprises, to achieve product, production and service innovation, and to build data-driven business innovation capability; Third, to operate on an open ecological platform, to pool collaborative enterprise, products, users and other industrial chain resources through the industrial Internet platform, to realize the transformation to platform operation, and to create a data-driven ecosystem. Operational capability.
In the field of security, the traditional functional security of industrial system is intertwined with the security risks of cyberspace, and the security situation becomes very complex. It is necessary to give full play to the role of government guidance and promotion, mobilize industrial forces, and build an industrial Internet security system with both attack and defense.
Four Challenges Still Need Breakthrough
Despite the good momentum of China's industrial Internet development, Yu Xiaohui admits that there are still four major challenges to be addressed and broken through in the industry as a whole.
First, we should attach importance to the long-term and arduous development of industrial Internet, and we can not hope to achieve it overnight. Taking the basic network system of industrial Internet as an example, many factories in China have not completed the network transformation, especially the network transformation of production system. The network transformation of the entire industrial system is still a long-term task. At the same time, the network technology standards of factories are complex and basically dominated by foreign countries, and China's voice power and industrial capacity are relatively weak.
Secondly, in terms of network security, industrial Internet brings huge new security challenges. Because of the poor efficiency of many industrial enterprises, they attach more importance to the transformation of production system and innovation of business model brought by industrial Internet. Security Deployment can not see the benefits in a short time and is easily ignored.
Third, we should be forward-looking about advanced technology. Although the whole industry can focus on the current pain points and quickly propose solutions that meet the current development characteristics, it is also necessary to strengthen the research of forward-looking technology. "For example, the industrial Internet must incorporate AI as a very important technology, which is an important aspect of development," Yu Xiaohui said.
Fourthly, China's overall industrial technology capability is relatively weak. China has the largest industrial system in the world, the largest Internet industry in the world, and the most complete information and communication industry. China's manufacturing industry should go to the high-end market, industrial Internet.